1. that portion of the earth's surface in which plants grow; a well-developed system of inorganic and organic material and of living organisms.
2. a particular kind of earth: sandy soil.
3. the ground as producing vegetation or cultivated for its crops: fertile soil.
4. a country, land, or region: on foreign soil.
5. the ground or earth.
[ME soyle, from AF soyl, from L solium seat, confused with solum ground]