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  Dictionary Definition of root

root [1]
noun
1. a part of the body of a plant which, typically, develops from the radicle, and grows downwards into the soil, fixing the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.
2. a similar organ developed from some other part of the plant, as one of those by which ivy clings to its support.
3. any underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.
4. something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function.
5. the embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, etc.
6. the fundamental or essential part: the root of a matter.
7. the source or origin of a thing: love of money is the root of all evil.
8. the base or point of origin of something.
9. a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.
10. an offshoot or scion.
11. ( plural ) a. a person's real home and environment: Though he's lived in the city for ten years his roots are still in the country. b. those elements, as personal relationships, a liking for the area, customs, etc., which make a place one's true home: He lived in Darwin for five years but never established any roots there.
12. Mathematics. a. a quantity which, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity: 2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16. b. a quantity which, when substituted for the unknown quantity in an algebraic equation, satisfies the equation.
13. Linguistics a. a morpheme which underlies an inflectional paradigm or is used itself as a word or element of a compound. Thus, dance is the root of dancer, dancing. In German, seh is the root of gesehen. b. such a morpheme as posited for a parent language, such as proto-Indo-European, on the basis of comparison of extant forms in daughter languages.
14. Music a. the fundamental note of a chord or of a series of harmonies. b. the lowest note of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds; the fundamental.
15. Machinery that part of a screw thread which connects adjacent flanks at the bottom of the groove.
16. Colloquial the act of sexual intercourse.
-- verb (i)
17. to send out roots and begin to grow.
18. to become fixed or established.
19. Colloquial to engage in sexual intercourse.
-- verb (t)
20. to fix by, or as if by, roots.
21. to implant or establish deeply.
22. Colloquial (usu. of a man) to have sexual intercourse with.
23. Colloquial to frustrate: Wouldn't it root you!
24. Colloquial